Below you will find short descriptions of common diseases we vaccinate against for dogs. For more detailed information regarding the importance of vaccination, risk factors and frequently asked questions, click here.
Common Vaccines for Dogs and Puppies
this potentially fatal virus is highly contagious and affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal and nervous systems of your dog. Clinical signs include fever, runny nose, coughing and vomiting that may progress to muscle twitching and seizures. Following a vaccination plan is recommended to protect your dog.
an infectious hepatitis disease, it damages the internal organs of your dog such as the liver, spleen, kidneys and lungs. Common symptoms are a dry, retching cough with foamy white discharge, as well as fever, diarrhea, and conjunctivitis. Potentially more fatal to puppies and older dogs, it can be spread by feces and urine. Unvaccinated dogs that have visited kennels, shelters, rescue centers, pet stores, or dog parks are at a higher risk of contracting this disease.
Parvovirus and Coronovirus
these highly contagious viral diseases affect the gastrointestinal tract, and less commonly, the heart. Usually more severe with puppies and older dogs, the early signs of these similar deadly viruses include vomiting and diarrhea leading to dehydration and fever. They are shed through the feces of an infected animal and can survive in the environment for a long period, enabling them to be carried by your pet’s paws or even your own shoes. Regular vaccinations against these lethal viruses is an effective way to protect your pet.
a chronic respiratory virus, this airborne pathogen is quickly spread through the cough of infected dogs. It can become more serious when combined with other viral and bacterial infections. The earliest signs are a dry hacking or accentuated moist coughs, lethargy, lack of appetite, fever and discharge from the nose and/or eyes. Vaccination is important to diminish the chance of infection.
More commonly known as ‘Kennel Cough’ or ‘Canine Cough’, Bordetella is a highly contagious respiratory disease most commonly caused by the Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria. Infected dogs often have dry, hacking coughs and may also have runny eyes and nose. In combination with other viral or bacterial infections it can be much more severe. Vaccination is recommended and/or required especially for dogs that visit dog parks, kennels or boarding facilities.
affecting both humans and dogs it is spread through the saliva of infected ticks, a small parasite in the arachnid family. It is becoming more common in Canada due to the increased population of the subgenus ‘deer tick’ that reside in tall grass, forested areas, and residential areas where there is a higher population of wildlife. The bacteria of lyme disease, called Borrelia burgdorferi, causes serious damage to joints, kidneys, and other bodily tissues. The only sure way of identifying this disease is through simple blood tests. Prevention includes a comprehensive tick control program and regular vaccinations.
is a serious disease that is not only a threat to your dog, it can also be transferred to humans. Transmitted by contact through the urine of an infected dog or common wildlife (e.g. raccoons, skunks, and rodents), the Leptospira bacteria can be potentially fatal due to irreparable liver or kidney damage. Most of the wild carriers do not show and symptoms or signs. Ditches, lakes, streams, rivers, puddles and any form of stagnant water, even moist grass, can contain the bacteria. The only sure way of preventing this disease is updated annual vaccinations.
A fatal disease that attacks the brain and nervous system, all warm blooded animals are at risk including humans and pets. You and your pet do not have to come into contact with an infected wild animal, there is still the risk of infection if any broken skin comes into contact with saliva. An early sign of rabies are significant changes in behaviour, including but not limited to restlessness, aggression, and/or fear. Regular vaccinations against rabies are mandatory in most areas.